Pan-cancer subtyping in a 2D-map shows substructures that are driven by specific combinations of molecular characteristics

Abstract: The use of genome-wide data in cancer research, for the identification of groups of patients with similar molecular characteristics, has become a standard approach for applications in therapy-response, prognosis-prediction, and drug-development. To progress in these applications, the trend is to move from single genome-wide measurements in a single cancer-type towards measuring several different molecular characteristics across multiple cancer-types. Although current approaches shed light on molecular characteristics of various cancer-types, detailed relationships between patients within cancer clusters are unclear. We propose a novel multi-omic integration approach that exploits the joint behavior of the different molecular characteristics, supports visual exploration of the data by a two-dimensional landscape, and inspection of the contribution of the different genome-wide data-types. We integrated 4,434 samples across 19 cancer-types, derived from TCGA, containing gene expression, DNA-methylation, copy-number variation and microRNA expression data. Cluster analysis revealed 18 clusters, where three clusters showed a complex collection of cancer-types, squamous-cell-carcinoma, colorectal cancers, and a novel grouping of kidney-cancers. Sixty-four samples were identified outside their tissue-of-origin cluster. Known and novel patient subgroups were detected for Acute Myeloid Leukemia’s, and breast cancers. Quantification of the contributions of the different molecular types showed that substructures are driven by specific (combinations of) molecular characteristics.

Erdogan Taskesen, Sjoerd Huisman, Ahmed Mahfouz, Jesse H. Krijthe, Jeroen de Ridder, Anja van de Stolpe, Erik van den Akker, Wim Verheagh, and Marcel Reinders. Pan-cancer subtyping in a 2D-map shows substructures that are driven by specific combinations of molecular characteristics. Scientific Reports, 6: p. 24949, 2016.
@article { bib:2016_sr_meredith,
author = { Erdogan Taskesen and Sjoerd Huisman and Ahmed Mahfouz and Jesse H. Krijthe and Jeroen de Ridder and Anja van de Stolpe and Erik van den Akker and Wim Verheagh and Marcel Reinders },
title = { Pan-cancer subtyping in a 2D-map shows substructures that are driven by specific combinations of molecular characteristics },
journal = { Scientific Reports },
volume = { 6 },
pages = { 24949 },
year = { 2016 },
doi = { 10.1038/srep24949 },
}