Cholinergic circuit genes in the healthy brain are differentially expressed in regions that exhibit gray matter loss in Parkinson’s disease

Abstract: Structural covariance networks are able to identify functionally organized brain regions by gray matter volume covariance. In Parkinson’s disease, the posterior cingulate network and anterior cingulate network showed decreased gray matter and therefore we examined the underlying molecular processes of these anatomical networks in the healthy brain. Whole brain transcriptomics from post-mortem samples from healthy adults, revealed upregulation of genes associated with serotonin, GPCR, GABA, glutamate, and RAS signaling pathways in these PD-related regions. Our results also suggest involvement of the cholinergic circuit, in which genes NPPA, SOSTDC1, and TYRP1 may play a protective role. Furthermore, both networks were associated with memory and neuropsychiatric disorders that overlap with Parkinson’s disease symptoms. The identified genes and pathways contribute to healthy functions of the posterior and anterior cingulate networks and disruptions to these functions may in turn contribute to the pathological and clinical events observed in Parkinson’s disease.

Arlin Keo, Oleh Dzyubachyk, Jeroen van der Grond, Anne Hafkemeijer, Wilma D.J. van de Berg, Jacobus J. van Hilten, reindersm, and Ahmed Mahfouz. Cholinergic circuit genes in the healthy brain are differentially expressed in regions that exhibit gray matter loss in Parkinson’s disease. BioRxiv, 2019.
@article { bib:2020_PDscn_preprint,
author = { Arlin Keo and Oleh Dzyubachyk and Jeroen van der Grond and Anne Hafkemeijer and Wilma D.J. van de Berg and Jacobus J. van Hilten and reindersm and Ahmed Mahfouz },
title = { Cholinergic circuit genes in the healthy brain are differentially expressed in regions that exhibit gray matter loss in Parkinson’s disease },
year = { 2019 },
doi = { 10.1101/2019.12.17.875880 },
}
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